With heart disease, the blood vessels that supply the heart muscle with oxygen become clogged with plaque or cholesterol deposits. This raises your chances of having a heart attack or other heart problems.
Normally, you have many blood vessels that supply blood to the heart muscle. With heart disease, your arteries may be blocked a little or all the way. Fatty materials and cholesterol are stuck inside the arteries and block blood flow. When these arteries are blocked, less oxygen gets to the heart. This may cause chest pain. If the blockage is bad enough, it can cause a heart attack.
Many things can raise your chances of having heart disease. Some of them you can control and others you cannot. It is important to know about all of them.
Some health conditions may raise your chances for having heart disease. Take extra care and work with your doctor to keep these health problems under control. Your risk for heart disease is higher if you have:
You may have control over some things that make you more likely to have heart disease. It is important to know about them and work to keep these problems under control. You are at a higher risk of heart disease if you:
You may not be able to control these things, but they are important to know about. You are at a higher risk for heart disease if you:
Your doctor may order drugs to:
Take your drugs exactly as ordered. Controlling problems like high blood pressure, diabetes, or high cholesterol are all ways to lower your chances of having heart disease.
It is good to get some kind of exercise each day. Walking, gardening, swimming, riding a bike, or dancing are all good ways to add exercise to your life. Always check with your doctor if you have questions about starting an exercise program.
Eat a healthy diet. Talk to your doctor or a dietitian if you need to lose weight.
Activate the emergency medical system right away if you have signs of a heart attack. Call 911 in the United States or Canada. The sooner treatment begins, the better your chances for recovery. Call for emergency help right away if you have signs of heart attack like: