Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes. If you have this illness, your body does not make enough insulin or does not correctly use the insulin it does make. When you eat, your body breaks down all sugars and starches into glucose. Your body needs insulin to use glucose for energy. The insulin takes the glucose from your blood into your cells. If you do not have enough insulin, the glucose or sugar stays in your blood instead of going into your cells. This causes your blood sugar levels to be too high. Over time, this can damage your heart, nerves, eyes, and other organs.
Learn about diabetes from Dr. Geeti Mahajan, board-certified endocrinologist with Pascack Valley Medical Group.
Learn how to take care of your diabetes.
Your doctor may ask you to make visits to the office to check on your progress. Be sure to keep these visits.
Diabetes medications will help control your blood sugar. You may have more than one diabetes drug. Your doctor may order drugs for you to take by mouth or insulin as a shot. You will be trained on how to give insulin shots, if needed. Talk to your doctor about your diabetes drugs and what you need to do when you go home.
Eating a healthy diet is important. This means you need to eat regularly throughout the day. You need to include a variety of foods such as fruits and vegetables, whole grains, nonfat dairy products, and lean meats. Do not eat too much food at one time and do not skip meals. Limit foods high in sugar like sweets, desserts, and fruit juices. Ask your doctor about what kind of diet is right for you.
Talk with your doctor often. Other drugs or care may be needed to treat or prevent these problems.
Signs of infection. These include a fever of 100.4°F (38°C) or higher, chills, or a wound that will not heal.